It would be hard to believe that Manila in the 1930s was already considered congested, but it was. The economy was booming and Manila represented the dream of Filipinos all over the country—there was a job and a better life waiting for them here. Everyone wanted a piece of Manila.

But what made Manila an economic capital, with centers of trade, proximity to big ports and access to the sea, also made it susceptible to potential attacks. At that time, international politics was considered a powder keg: memories of the first World War were still fresh, yet talks of a bigger war were looming on the horizon, and all it would take was a small spark to ignite an explosion.

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All these considerations were not lost on Manuel Quezon, president of the Philippine Commonwealth, a transition government to prepare for the independence to be awarded by the Americans in a few years. What the country needed was a national capital that could best reflect the aspirations of a newly independent nation, a future capital that could replace Manila.

These dreams of a national capital gave birth to Quezon City.

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